Pulmonary and Sleep Specialists in Michigan

Mycobacterium Avium Complex Doctor in Michigan

Mycobacterium Avium Complex Doctor in Oakland County and Wayne County Michigan

What is Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)?

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC), a group of slowly growing bacteria, can cause various types of infections. One such infection is lung damage or lung disease. It is a type of nontuberculous mycobacterial lung infection, especially in immunocompromised individuals.

How is Mycobacterium Avium Complex? diagnosed?

Lung damage from MAC is typically diagnosed through a combination of methods. A chest X-ray or CT scan may reveal lung lesions, while sputum, blood, or bronchoalveolar lavage samples may be tested for the presence of MAC using culture and DNA tests.

Dr. Asker Asmi, MD is a certified pulmonologist, and sleep disorders doctor in Michigan

Social Links:
Dr. Asmi’s Beaumont Hospital Page
Dr. Asmi’s Henry Ford Profile Page

Dr. Asmi is a Pulmonologist and sleep specialist based in Michigan that specializes in advanced COPD. He follows a multidisciplinary treatment plan that includes nutrition, medicine, lifestyle changes, damage prevention and active treatment with close follow up. Doctor Asmi’s expertise include Critical Care Medicine, Pulmonary Medicine, Pulmonary Critical Care and Sleep Medicine. Dr. Asmi is also affiliated with Beaumont Hospital and runs a private practice in Riverview, MI.

What are the symptoms of Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC)?

The symptoms of MAC-related lung damage can vary from mild to severe, including:

  • Persistent cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain or discomfort
  • Fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fever and night sweats (in advanced cases)

What are the causes of Mycobacterium Avium Complex?

Mycobacterium avium complex is transmitted through inhalation of contaminated water or dust. It can also spread from person to person via close contact, especially in settings such as hospitals or long-term care facilities. People with weakened immune systems are at higher risk for developing MAC lung disease.

What are the treatments for Mycobacterium Avium Complex?

Treatment for MAC lung damage typically involves antibiotics. The choice of antibiotics and the duration of treatment depend on the severity and extent of the infection. In some cases, surgical intervention may be necessary [3]. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are crucial to prevent complications and improve outcomes.

How can Mycobacterium Avium Complex be managed or prevented?

Prevention:To reduce the risk of MAC lung damage, consider the following prevention strategies:

  • Avoid inhaling water or dust from potentially contaminated sources.
  • Maintain good hygiene practices, including regular hand washing and covering the mouth when coughing or sneezing.
  • Stay away from individuals with known MAC infections whenever possible.
  • Ensure proper water treatment and filtration systems in homes and workplaces.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

Can MAC lung damage be cured?

MAC lung disease cannot be fully cured, but the infection can be treated and managed. However, the infection itself can be treated and seen as cured if sputum cultures show no evidence of infection for 12 consecutive months.

What is the difference between MAC and tuberculosis (TB)?

Both are mycobacterial infections but have distinct differences in their clinical presentation, diagnosis, and treatment regimens. Consult your healthcare provider for a definitive assessment.

Is there a vaccine against MAC?

Currently, there is no licensed vaccine available to prevent MAC infections.

Is Mycobacterium Avium Complex (MAC) contagious?

Unlike Tuberculosis, MAC is not contagious but it is typically acquired from environmental sources like soil, water, and dust.